Zhu De Fact File Biography: Lifespan:
1886 - 1976 *** Full Name: Zhu De ***
Occupation: Chinese General, Warlord,
Politician, Revolutionary and one of
the founders of the Chinese Communist
Party *** Date of Birth: Zhu De was
born on December 1st 1886 *** Place
of Birth: Zhu De was born in Yilong
County, Sichuan, Qing Dynasty *** Family
background: His family were of rather
poor origins and tenant farmers ***
Early life and childhood: The
family moved from the Hunan and Guangdong
province to Sichuan during a time of
migration *** Education: Zhu De was
educated, albeit the family’s means
were meager, they pooled their money
together to send him to a private school.
He also went on to attend the Sichuan
High School *** Zhu De died on July
Zhu De Fact 1: Zhu De was born
on December 1, 1886 and during the 19th
century period in history when many
empires across the globe collapsed including
the Spanish and French empires and the
Mughal and Chinese empires. But the
British, United States, Russian and
German Empires were all on the rise.
Zhu De Fact 2: He grew up with
seven siblings of fourteen children
born to his parents. When Zhu De was
just nine years old his uncle, a prosperous
man of political influence and financially
wealthy, adopted him and managed to
gain access for him to attend the Yunnan
Zhu De Fact 3: After graduating
Zhu De went back to teach as a gym instructor
at the Yilong primary school but the
school would not like his political
teaching and views so he was dismissed.
Zhu De Fact 4: At that point
he entered the Military Academy at also
joined the secret political society
Zhu De Fact 5: Once Zhu De graduated
from the academy he joined the staff
as a teacher.
Zhu De Fact 6: Zhu De joined
Brigadier Cai E after the Chinese Revolution
in 1911 and served as a regimental commander
during the campaign to unseat Yuan Shikai.
Cai E would become governor and Zhu
his brigade commander
Zhu De Fact 7: It was while attending
the academy that he met Cai E and in
1916 after Cai E died and his wife also
died that he would develop a serious
addiction to opium that would have its
grip on him until 1922 when sought treatment
Zhu De Fact 8: With the backing
of his troops he decided to consolidate
his force and Zhu De became a warlord.
Zhu De Fact 9: During 1920 his
troops were beaten back from Sichuan
and towards the Tibetan border. It was
also around this time that his second
wife and young child would be murdered
by a rival war lord and it was this
event that was the catalyst to him trying
to join the Chinese Communist Party
but due his own warlord standing the
Zhu De Fact 10: Having decided
to travel to German Zhu De spent time
studying at the Gottingen University
in 1925 but as a result of meeting Zhou
Enlai and his role in several student
protests he was expelled from Germany.
Zhu De Fact 11: With Enlai as
a sponsor, Zhu De was finally able to
join the Communist Part of China as
a probationary member. Having left Germany,
Zhu De travelled to the Soviet Union
where studied Marxism and military affairs
at the Communist University of the Toilers
of the East.
Zhu De Fact 12: Zhu De made his
return to China in 1926.
Zhu De Fact 13: In 1928 he became
closely connection to Mao Zedong and
together with his army of ten thousand
men they defected from Fan Shisheng’s
safeguard and so began his task of building
what would become the Red Army all the
while expanding and consolidating the
areas controlled by the Soviets.
Zhu De Fact 14: As the leader
of such a force of men came with enormous
prestige and some locals peasants attributed
him with having supernatural abilities.
Zhu De Fact 15: During both conflicts,
the Second Sino-Japanese War and the
Chinese Civil War De would hold the
position of Commander-in-Chief of the
Zhu De Fact 16: By 1949 Zhu De
had become the People’s Liberation Army’s
Commonader-in-Chief and it is for this
reason he has become known at the founder.
He also became Vice-Chairman of the
Communist Party and Vice-Chairman of
the People’s Republic of China.
Zhu De Fact 17: Over the next
several years Zhu would support the
wrong men and found himself dismissed
from the Central Military Commission.
He would also find himself dismissed
from the Politburo Standing Committee
of the Communist Party of Chine and
all activity of the National People’s
Congress was stopped.
Zhu De Fact 18: Although he would
continue to be a leading statesman up
until his death.
Zhu De Fact 19: Zhu De died on
July 6, 1976 in Beijing aged eighty
nine years. His body was cremated.
Influence & Legacy: His legacy
would be of a man who stood up for what
he believed in and was not afraid to
back that belief with force. He was
a great Marxist, military strategist,
proletarian revolutionary and statesman.
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