Socrates Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 470 BC – 399 BC *** Full Name: Socrates *** Occupation: Greek Classical Philosopher *** Date of Birth: hE was born in 470 BC *** Place of Birth: He was born in Deme Alopeke, Athens, Greece *** Family background: His father was Sophroniscus who was a sculptor and stonemason and his mother was Phaenarete and a midwife *** Education: He received what education was available to him through his parents ***
Socrates Fact 1: Socrates was born in 470 BC and during the 4th century BC period in history when Classical Greek civilization was at its height with the arts, literature and philosophy spreading far and wide throughout the eastern Mediterranean lands.
Socrates Fact 2: There are no records of his early life other than his father taught him the trade of stonemasonry. From humble beginnings the Philosopher would rise to become a mentor to Alexander the Great.
Socrates Fact 3: He married Xanthippe and together they had three children, three sons, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus.
Socrates Fact 4: By law, as a young man of eighteen years, he was required to serve in the military and would take park in the Peloponnesian war, a conflict that would last almost thirty years.
Socrates Fact 5: He would also take part in the battles of Amphipolis, Delium and Potidaea.
Socrates Fact 6: During 406 BC he was to have taken part as a member of the Boule, a council of citizens who were chosen to deal with matters involving the city. On his chosen day the decision was what to do with the generals that had abandoned their men during the Battle of Arginusae. Capital punishment was to be their directive.
Socrates Fact 7: Socrates together with four others were summoned to the Tholos and instructed to travel to Salamis where they were to apprehend a man called Leon and return him for punishment. He was to be executed.
Socrates Fact 8: Instead of carrying out the instructions given to him, he simply returned to his home.
Socrates Fact 9: His home at this time was going through what could be described as a dramatic transition. From having been an hegemony in the classical world, after a humiliating defeat by the Spartans Athena entered a period of huge instability and great doubt as to their place in the world.
Socrates Fact 10: Many of the Athenians were great admirers of the views of the philosopher but there were an equal number who became angry because they felt their way of life being threatened and destroyed with a future full of uncertainty.
Socrates Fact 11: There is also the crucial point that at this time in history, with the outcome of the Peloponnesian War and all the instability caused, that the simple Athenian was having grave doubts about the efficiency of democracy being an effectual enough form of government.
Socrates Fact 12: Although Socrates was totally loyal to his city, he was not however totally in favor of the Athenian society and politics.
Socrates Fact 13: One of the offences he would be charged with would be his position as a moral and social critic. Socrates questioned much including the current mentality that “might makes right”.
Socrates Fact 14: He would attempt to advance the Athenians sense of justice but his desire would ultimately backfire on him.
Socrates Fact 15: His whole dilemma began when his friend Chaerephon asked the oracle of Delphi, if there were anyone wiser than Socrates. The oracle proclaimed that no one was wiser.Socrates Fact 17: This set off a chain of events that had the great philosopher questioning all and anyone he felt was wiser than him. Not because he believed he had no wisdom, but because he was the only person to know he was not wise, meant he could be conceived as wise and thus no one could be wiser than him.
Socrates Fact 16: This answer caused Socrates to believe that the Oracle’s response was a paradox because he, Socrates, believed he was not wise at all.
Socrates Fact 18: During his trial as Socrates attempted to relay this to those of the court it began to become clear that he was making them feel inferior and so angered that they felt that way and so Socrates was found guilty of corruption of the minds of the young and also of impiety.
Socrates Fact 19: He was sentenced to death by poison.
Socrates Fact 20: It was felt that he had amble opportunity to escape, bribing a prison guard was not unheard of, but it was said that Socrates believed it was his time to die and wished it to be so
Socrates Fact 21: Socrates took his poison and died in 399 BC in Athens aged seventy one years.
Influence and Legacy: He would be proclaimed one of the greatest philosophers of our time and the founder of Western philosophy. During his lifetime his words were reflected in the following works: The Apology and The Psychology of Fate and of Free Will.
Famous Quotes: Some of his most famous quotes include "Beware the barrenness of a busy life", "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think", "By all means marry: if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher", "Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior", "If a man is proud of his wealth, he should not be praised until it is known how he employs it", "Beauty is a short-lived tyranny", "Let him that would move the world first move himself", and "He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have".
Facts about Socrates for Kids: The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Socrates. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Socrates with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career.