Botticelli Fact 1: Sandro
Botticelli, the famous Florentine
Renaissance Artist, was born in in
Florence, Italy in the year 1445 and
died on May 17th 1510.
Botticelli Fact 1: His full name
was Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi
and his first name, Alessandro,
became shortened to Sandro. The name
Botticelli, meaning 'Little Barrel',
was the nickname of his well rounded
older brother. The name was
'Botticelli' became so familiar in
Florence that eventually it was
conferred upon every family member.
Botticelli Fact 2: Family – His
father, Mariano di Vanni, was a
tanner who apprenticed Sandro to his
brother Antonio a goldsmith after
his basic education was finished.
Botticelli Fact 3: Work –
preferred painting to the work of a
goldsmith so his father then
apprenticed him to the Renaissance
artist Fra Filippo Lippi. Botticelli
travelled to Hungary with Fra
Filippo Lippiand contributed to a
fresco being created there. Fra
Filippo Lippi taught Sandro
Botticelli the techniques
of fresco and panel painting and was
a great influence on his later work.
Botticelli Fact 4: Botticelli
established his own workshop in 1470
and became a member of St Lukes
Guild, the Florentine painters’
Botticelli Fact 5: The powerful
Medici family were patrons of the
arts in Renaissance Italy and
recognizing the talent of the young
artists commissioned him with
various work. Botticelli's skill in
portraiture gained him the patronage
of the Medici family.
Botticelli Fact 6: The painting
entitled the "Adoration of the
Magi", painted in 1475, includes
several of the infamous Medici
family. The "Adoration of the Magi"
depicted likenesses of Cosimo de'
Medici and his sons Piero and
Giovanni as the Magi together with
images of his grandsons Giuliano and
Lorenzo. The three Medici portrayed
as Magi were all dead at the time
the picture was painted.
Botticelli Fact 7: His artistic
skills in panel painting led to his
beautiful work with altar pieces.
These included the vertical panels
at St. Sebastian (1474), the small
oblong panels depicting the famous
Adoration of the Magi( c. 1476) at
the Church of Santa Maria Novella
and the magnificent Bardi Altarpiece
(1484–85) and the equally stunning
Coronation of the Virgin (c.1490).
Botticelli Fact 8: Sandro
Botticelli was also adept at
creating magnificent frescoes which led to
the creation of St. Augustine (1480)
in the Church of Ognissanti. He also
collaborated with other Renaissance
artists to create the religious
frescoes of the Sistine Chapel in
Botticelli Fact 12: Botticelli
became a devout follower of
Savonarola and was inspired to
create his works entitled Mystic
Crucifixion (1497) and the Mystic
Nativity (1501), which expressed
Botticelli’s own faith in the
renewal of the Catholic church.
Botticelli Fact 9: During the
later life of Botticelli it became fashionable for
paintings to depict scenes from
classical antiquity combined with
the concept of courtly love.
Mythical figures and scenes were
inspired by classical literature and
led to the creation of four of Botticelli’s most famous works of
art and panel paintings. These
famous works were Primavera (c.
1477–82), Pallas and the Centaur (c.
1485), Venus and Mars (c. 1485), and
The Birth of Venus (c. 1485).
Botticelli Fact 10: The Primavera
and The Birth of Venus were painted
by Sandro Botticelli for the home of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’Medici. The
Primavera, also known as Allegory of
Spring, depicts a group of
mythological figures in the mythical
Garden of the Hesperides, as an
allegory for the growth of Spring
and blossoming love.
Botticelli Fact 11: The style of
the later artistic works by Sandro
Botticelli saw a
distinct change from romantic themes
to more realistic depictions. From
1494 there were great changes in
Florence as the corrupt House of
Medici fell and was replaced by a
Republican government. People were
inspired by the religious teachings
of the Dominican friar and preacher, Girolamo Savonarola. The Tragedy of
Lucretia (c. 1499) and The Story of
Virginia Romana (1499) appear to
condemn the tyranny of the Medici
family and to celebrate the ideals
Botticelli Fact 13: Famous –
most famous works of art by Sandro
Primavera and The Birth of Venus.
His masterpiece 'The Birth of Venus'
was painted for the villa of Lorenzo
Medici and is now in the Uffizi in
Florence. Unlike many of his
contemporaries the works of
largely in the villas and churches
that they were created for.
Botticelli Fact 14: Death –
died on May 17th 1510 in Florence,
Italy and he was buried in the
Church of Ognissanti.
List of Famous Works by
Botticelli: The Adoration of the
Magi *** Madonna and Child and Two
Angels *** Madonna of the Book
(Madonna del Libro) *** Primavera
*** The Birth of Venus *** The
Mystical Nativity *** Mystic
Short Facts about Sandro Botticelli for Kids
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