Lyndon B. Johnson Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1908 - 1973*** Full Name: Lyndon Baines Johnson *** Nickname: Landslide Lyndon *** Occupation: 36th President of the United States *** Date of Birth: Lyndon B. Johnson was born on August 27th 1908 *** Place of Birth: Lyndon B. Johnson was born in Stonewell, Texas, USA *** Family background: His father was Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr and his mother was Rebekah Baines. The eldest of five children he had one brother and three sisters. His father was a cattle speculator and farmer and was also involved in politics *** Education: Lyndon B. Johnson went to and graduated from Johnson City High School, in his 11th grade he was elected as class president, a very vocal youth he often took part in debates and public speaking and was probably the youngest graduate of the school at only fifteen years. He later enrolled at the Southwest Texas State Teachers College ***
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 1: Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27th and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 2: When he graduated from College in 1930 he took a teaching position in Pearsall High School in Pearsall, Texas and after that accepted another position at Sam Houston High Scholl as a teacher of public speaking.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 3: Also in 1930 he began his political career as he campaigned for the Texas State Senator, Welly Hopkins during his bid for Congress.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 4: In 1934 Lyndon Johnson married Claudia Alta Taylor and together they had two daughters.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 5: Lyndon Johnson would be appointed to head of the Texas Youth Administration in 1935 which gave him the opportunity to within the government to help the youth in educational and job opportunities.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 6: Johnson would gain the reputation for being a hard task master, insisting on long work days as well as working on weekends.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 7: In 1937 Lyndon Johnson would become appointed to the Naval Affairs Committee and became a strong ally to President Roosevelt.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 8: With war rapidly approaching Lyndon Johnson was appointed Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve and when Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese he reported for active duty. Although he requested a combat posting instead Roosevelt wanted trusted political aides to deliver information rather than waiting for the information to filter through the military chain of command.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 9: Lyndon Johnson ran for the U.S. Senate in 1948 and although it was a close run race he won.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 10: In 1952 Lyndon Johnson won the majority in the Republicans general election in the House as well as the Senate.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 11: With his accomplishments in the Senate Lyndon Johnson became a prospective presidential candidate for the Democratic party in 1960, but John F Kennedy proved far more popular so instead he ran for vice president.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 12: Traditionally the role of the vice president was not an office with any power and this was a situation that Johnson tried tirelessly to change.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 13: In an attempt to get Kennedy on side, Lyndon Johnson put forward an executive order that would grant the vice president “general supervision” where matters of national security were involved and also requesting all other government agencies to “cooperate with the vice president in carrying out of these assignments”, he also requested his own White House staff and an office beside the Oval Office, all of which was denied by President Kennedy.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 14: It was common knowledge that neither John F Kennedy nor Robert Kennedy had anything but distain for Johnson but knew to remove him from the ticket for the next election would amount to suicide politically.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 15: However, what had not been foreseen was the assassination of John F Kennedy on November 22nd 1963 and Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office on board Air Force One a little over two hours after his death.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 16: Within days of Kennedy’s death Johnson addressed Congress "No memorial oration or eulogy could more eloquently honor President Kennedy's memory than the earliest possible passage of the Civil Rights Bill for which he fought so long."
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 17: As the 1964 presidential election neared, Lyndon Johnson was vehemently opposed to putting Robert Kennedy on his ticket as vice president, largely due to the fact that the two men hated each other unreservedly as well as Johnson not wanted to win the election on the coat tails of Kennedy, Kennedy likewise made no objection and Herbert Humphrey was chosen.Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 18: After the win he continued along the same vein as when he became President after Kennedy’s assignation and pledged to “carry forward the plans and programs of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Not because of our sorrow or sympathy, but because they are right.”.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 19: With Johnson’s urging, Congress passed the Revenue Act of 1964 as well as the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964 all part of his war on poverty.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 20: The Vietnam War was a huge burden to Johnson, there was no right or wrong way to turn during this conflict, in trying to assist the South Vietnamese against the North Vietnamese America just managed to entrench itself deeper into a situation for which there was no easy solution. The conflict began before Johnson's administration and continued after.
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 21: With severe health concerns Johnson felt he might not actually live long enough to see another term as president and with his increasing unpopularity due to the Vietnam conflict he made it public knowledge he would not be seeking a further term
Lyndon B. Johnson Fact 22: Returning to Texas after Lyndon Johnson left the White House, Lyndon B. Johnson died on January 22nd 1973 at his home. His body was laid to rest in the family cemetery in Stonewall, Texas. He was also honoured with a state funeral.
Influence and Legacy: Although Johnson inherited his presidency he managed, in the name of Kennedy legacy, to obtain more from Congress than if Kennedy had attempted to himself. He provided stability and continuity at a time when it was desperately needed. The legislation he passed was also unprecedented which safeguarded the nations wilderness, water, land and air, and supporting a better quality of life.
Short Facts about Lyndon B. Johnson for Kids
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