Jules Verne Fact File Biography: Jules Verne Lifespan: 1828 - 1905 *** Full Name: Jules Gabriel Verne *** Occupation: French Novelist, Poet and Playwright *** Date of Birth: Jules Verne was born on February 8th 1828 *** Place of Birth: Jules Verne was born on Ile Feydeau, on the Loire River, Nantes, France *** Family background: His father was Pierre Verne and his mother Sophie Allote de la Fuye. His father had been an attorney and his motherís family were of ship-owners and navigators with descendants from Scotland *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with a brother, Paul, and three sisters, Anna, Mathilde and Marie *** Death: Jules Verne died on March 24, 1905 ***
Jules Verne Fact 1: Jules Verne was born on February 8, 1828 and during the 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.
Jules Verne Fact 2: Jules Verne attending boarding school when he was six years old at 5 Place du Bouffay in Nantes and in 1836 he attended Ecole Saint-Stanislas and finally Petit Seminaire de Saint-Donatien. One of his teachers told the story of what had happened to her husband, a naval captain who had disappeared some thirty years previously but who she maintained was shipwrecked on an island somewhere and who would one day return. This was one of many stories that would have a profound effect on Jules and on which he would draw inspiration from.
Jules Verne Fact 3: Another true story he was told was that an uncle, Prudent Allotte, who had been a ship-owner but since retired, who had also travelled the world.
Jules Verne Fact 4: When he was nineteen years of age Jules Verne was taking to writing more seriously but as far as his father was concerned, as the first born son, he would take over the family business which was a law practice and not continue with writing.
Jules Verne Fact 5: So it was in 1847 his father sent him off to Paris to study law where after his first year he completed his examinations with pass grades.
Jules Verne Fact 6: A further reason for his father sending him away from home was in part to separate him from his cousin Caroline with whom he claimed to be in love. While in Paris some time later and met Rose Herminie Arnaud Grossetiere with whom he also fell deeply in love, but similarly her parents were unsure of Julesí future and married her to another.
Jules Verne Fact 7: Such was the state of depression the young man was left in that in his future writings there would be trend of women being married off against the wishes.
Jules Verne Fact 8: During his second year in Paris it was a time of great political upheaval with the French Revolution of 1948 and the subsequent French Second Republic took power. Before long Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte would have himself crowned ruler of the Second French Empire.
Jules Verne Fact 9: Around this time Jules Verne also began to suffer quite severely with stomach cramps which would continue throughout his lifetime. He also suffered with facial paralysis that would occur on four occasions which would ultimately be diagnosed as being caused by a middle ear inflammation.
Jules Verne Fact 10: By January of 1851 however he did graduate with a license en droit and completed his study of the law.
Jules Verne Fact 11: Also in 1851 he made the acquaintance of the son of Alexandre Dumas, also Alexandre and together they revised one of Verneís plays and which Alexandre would, with the assistance of his father, have it produced by the Opera-National. The play opened on June 12th 1850 at the Theatre Historique in Paris.
Jules Verne Fact 12: Another fellow writer from his home town was also looking for someone to write educational articles for his magazine and Verne would naturally be drawn to such a task and delighted to do it.
Jules Verne Fact 13: He was being constantly pressured by his father to settle in a law practice, his father even offered him his own practice but by this time Jules Verne knew that his lifeís work was in literature and not the law.
Jules Verne Fact 14: Jules Verne would become friends with Jacques Arago an illustrious geographer who although blind continued to travel and would regal Jules with stories of his adventures.
Jules Verne Fact 15: In 1856, while attending a friend at his wedding, Jules Verne was invited to stay with the bridges family and not only did he befriend the entire family he also would fall in love with the brideís sister, Honorine de Viane Morel. When her brother offered him a job as a broker, with his fatherís reluctant approval he went into business and married Honorine in January of 1857.
Jules Verne Fact 16: He had an opportunity in 1858 to travel for free and it would be the first time he had ever left the shores of France. They traveled from Bordeaux to Liverpool to Scotland. Another opportunity arose in 1861 to go to Stockholm and on to Christiania and on to Telemark but Verne had to return from Denmark and still was too late to be present when his son was born.Jules Verne Fact 17: All the while Jules Verne was researching his geography and writing stories and in 1862 he met Pierre-Jules Hetzel a publisher and someone who would not only become Verneís publisher but also a great influence. Often, especially early on, Hetzel suggested changes which Jules was happy to make but they vehemently disagreed on Jules biggest project to date which was Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea of the lead character who was written as a Russian. Hetzel did not want to alienate their Russian readers and so pressed Verne to change his character past. They finally came to a compromise which saw Verne leave the Captainís past a mystery.
Jules Verne Fact 18: The next most successful novels by Jules Verne would include Journey to the Center of the Earth and From the Earth to the Moon as well as Around the World in Eighty Days.
Jules Verne Fact 19: In March of 1886, as Verne was returning home, his then twenty five year old nephew, Gaston, took aim and fired a pistol at him twice. After the first bullet missed, the second hit him in the leg. Although he survived he was left with a permanent limp. The story was kept quiet but his nephew would be committed to a mental asylum.
Jules Verne Fact 20: Jules Gabriel Verne died on March 24, 1905 at his home in Amiens aged seventy seven years. His body was laid to rest at the Simetiere de la Madeleine in Amiens, France.
Influence & Legacy of James Watt: His books have stood the test of time and are still enjoyed today as well as many versions having been written for the big screen and again remade over the years.
Short Facts about Jules Verne for Kids
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