Joseph Stalin Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1878 – 1953 *** Full Name: His birth name was Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili and he became known as Joseph Stalin *** Nickname: Koba, Soselo and Ivanov *** Occupation: Leader of the Soviet Union *** Date of Birth: Joseph Stalin was born on December 18th 1878 *** Place of Birth: Joseph Stalin was born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate of the Russian Empire *** Family background: His father was Besarion Jughashvili and his mother was Ketevan Geladze *** Education: Greek Orthodox Priesthood and Tiflis Spiritual Seminary *** Died on March 5, 1953
Joseph Stalin Fact 1: Joseph Stalin was born on December 18th 1878. His father was Besarion Jughashvili who was a cobbler and his mother was Ketevan Geladze who was a housemaid. He grew up as an only child in difficult circumstances as his father became an alcoholic and very abusive towards both him and his mother. As a child he suffered various health issues, he contracted smallpox when he was seven years of age and at twelve he was involved in an accident involving a horse-drawn carriage that resulted in a permanently damaged arm
Joseph Stalin Fact 2: Joseph Stalin was enrolled in a Greek Orthodox Priesthood school by his mother, which subsequently enraged his father so much, in a drunken state he attacked the local police chief and found himself banned from their town of Gori, leaving behind his family. At sixteen years of age he was the recipient of a scholarship that allowed him to attend the Tiflis Spiritual Seminary. Within his first year he became an atheist.
Joseph Stalin Fact 3: Joseph Stalin was a prolific reader and would discover the works of Vladimir Lenin in 1899 and became a member of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party which was a Marxist group.
Joseph Stalin Fact 4: He also began writing poetry anonymously for a Georgian local paper.
Joseph Stalin Fact 5: After he quit school Joseph Stalin became a part time clerk in a meteorological office but as the state began to crack down on revolutionary activities he began living off of donations and went underground to become a revolutionary full time.
Joseph Stalin Fact 6: Joseph Stalin formed the Bolsheviks, a revolutionary wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party, in 1903. The Russian term 'Bolshevik' means “One of the Majority”. The Bolsheviks called their opponents the Mensheviks meaning “Those of the Minority”.
Joseph Stalin Fact 7: Joseph Stalin was elected to the Bolshevik Central Committee and proved quite adept at organizing of the men as well as intellectually so he also put together propaganda material, organized strikes and bank robberies to raise money for the Bolsheviks.
Joseph Stalin Fact 8: World War I (28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918) broke out but Joseph Stalin was refused entry into the military as a result of his damaged arm. Russia was suffering heavy losses in the war and there were severe food shortages and grinding poverty at home. In February 1917, widespread demonstrations began in the capital St Petersburg which led to the February Revolution of 1917. The February Revolution of 1917 led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew Czar Nicholas II and the Romanov royal family, and a provisional government was established in Russia.
Joseph Stalin Fact 9: The Bolsheviks under Lenin and Joseph Stalin led the Russian Revolution, commonly referred to as the October Revolution or Red October, on November 7, 1917. The Bolsheviks took power under the new name of the Communist Party and became the only ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
Joseph Stalin Fact 10: After the October Revolution the Nationalities Affairs appointed Stalin as the People’s Commissar. Russia withdrew from WWI and by March 1918 Russia descended into civil war with the White Army, consisting largely of anti-Bolsheviks, going up against Lenin’s Red Army consisting of the Bolshevik militia which had been organised by Leon Trotsky and supported by Joseph Stalin.
Joseph Stalin Fact 11: In February 1918 Joseph Stalin married Nadezhda Alliluyeva. By 1921 the Red Army was invading Georgia and Joseph Stalin would play a significant role in the outcome. In 1922 Lenin had Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary.
Joseph Stalin Fact 12: In late 1922 Lenin suffered two strokes and in January of 1924 he died leaving behind a struggle for power. Gradually jOSEPH sTALIN eliminated his opposition and by 1938 the purges were over.
Joseph Stalin Fact 13: Joseph Stalin greatly expanded the power of the secret police and intelligence agencies and under his guidance began to set up Soviet intelligence networks in countries across the world including Great Britain, Japan, France, the United States and Germany.
Joseph Stalin Fact 14: By the 1930’s Joseph Stalin had largely consolidated virtually complete control of the Soviet Union. On December 1, 1934 the "Great Terror," began which included the purge of the army when top generals were tried and executed. The "Great Terror" of Joseph Stalin continued until 1938.
Joseph Stalin Fact 15: Just before, during and after World War II Stalin initiated a series of deportations on such a massive scale that it is believed over three million people were deported to Central Asian republics and Siberia, of that number 43% died. People were deported simply for having, or coming into contact with, anyone who opposed the policies of Joseph Stalin.
Joseph Stalin Fact 16: The science community under Stalin’s rule was kept under very strict ideological control by the Stalin's government together with literature and art.
Joseph Stalin Fact 17: The rare positive effects of Stalin’s leadership were that girls were offered an equal education to the boys, women had equal employments rights and even in healthcare under his regime there were advances giving rise to the first generation to be free of cholera, malaria and typhus.Joseph Stalin Fact 19: Ultimately Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union would get the better of the Nazi German invasion although the death toll and casualties resulting from the conflict were horrendously high.
Joseph Stalin Fact 18: In 1939 Stalin, as the head of the Soviet Union, entered into a non-aggressive pact with Nazi Germany however that pact would be broken in June of 1941 with the implementation of Operation Barbarossa in which the Germans began an invasion of the Soviet Union along the Eastern Front.
Joseph Stalin Fact 20: At wars end Stalin met with other allied leaders, such as Churchill, Roosevelt to discuss post-war reorganization of Europe.
Joseph Stalin Fact 21: The countries that were to remain under Soviet control and the influence of Joseph Stalin became commonly known as the Eastern Bloc and in Berlin in 1948 West Berlin would be blockaded by the Soviet Union as they rejected communism.
Joseph Stalin Fact 22: Towards the end of World War II Stalin’s health began to deteriorate already suffering from atherosclerosis due to his very heavy smoking. Joseph Stalin suffered a mild stroke and a severe heart attack in 1945. Joseph Stalin recovered and in September 1949 witnessed the Soviets explode their first atomic bomb. The Cold War between the Soviet Union and America began together with the Cold War Arms Race which brought the world to the brink of nuclear destruction.
Joseph Stalin Fact 23: Joseph Stalin died on March 5, 1953 aged seventy four at Kuntsevo Dacha, in the Soviet Union. His body was laid to rest initially in Lenin’s Mausoleum but later moved to the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.
Joseph Stalin Influence & Legacy: Although Joseph Stalin would rule over the Soviet Union for more than 20 years using fear and terror to maintain his grip on the nation he did nevertheless modernize Russia and also assisted in the defeat of Nazi Germany.
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