Hirohito Fact File Biography: 1901 - 1989 *** Full Name: Hirohito also known as Emperor Showa *** Occupation: Emperor of Japan *** Date of Birth: Hirohito was born on April 29th 1901 *** Place of Birth: Hirohito was born in Aoyama Palace in Tokyo, Japan *** Family background: His father was Crown Prince Yoshihito who was the future Emperor Taisho, and his mother was Crown Princess Sadako who would become Empress Teimei. He was their first born child and also the grandson of Emperor Meiji. Before he was three months old he was put into the care of Count Kawamura Sumiyoshi and his family, formerly a vice-admiral, he was to be raised as one of his grandchildren, later to be joined by his brother Chichibu. When Kawamura died when Hirohito was only three years old, both boys were returned to imperial mansion in Numazu, Shizuka *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his brother, Chichibu *** Education: Hirohito was educated at the Gakushuin school in 1908 followed by a special institute between 1908 and 1914 ***
Hirohito Fact 1: Hirohito was born on April 29th 1901 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Hirohito Fact 2: When his grandfather died in 1912 this made Hirohito heir apparent.
Hirohito Fact 3: During this time he was also commissioned formally into both the navy and the army as an ensign and second lieutenant. By 1916 he had been promoted through the ranks to of sub-lieutenant in the navy and lieutenant in the army before he became a captain in the army and lieutenant in the navy.
Hirohito Fact 4: By 1925 he had reached the ranks of a Colonel in the army and a Captain in the Navy.
Hirohito Fact 5: In January 1924 he married a distant cousin, the future Empress Kujon, Princess Nagako Kuni and together they had two sons and five daughters.
Hirohito Fact 6: His father, Yoshihito died on December 25th 1926 which would make the twenty five year old Hirohito emperor and would forever be referred to as His Majesty the Emperor.
Hirohito Fact 7: As he began his reign he was immediately involved in a financial crises gripping his country.
Hirohito Fact 8: In 1932 he narrowly missed being assassinated by a Korean independence activist with a hand grenade in Tokyo.
Hirohito Fact 9: A military coup was attempted in February of 1936 which followed the end of civilian control over the military after the assassination of Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi.
Hirohito Fact 10: Although he would personally take part in defeating the coup, a number of high ranking government and military officials were killed.Hirohito Fact 17: Although publicly the war effort was being shown as a success but it would became blatantly obvious with air raids on Japanese cities that this was not the case and by 1944 Hirohito as calling for all civilian Japanese rather than be captured to commit suicide. The Commander of Saipan, Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saito, had been given an Imperial Order to promise any civilian who committed suicide that they would be given equal spiritual status as those of soldiers Killed in Action in the afterlife.
Hirohito Fact 11: During 1931 Japan had occupied several territories in China. He had no problem invading China, his only concern was with the Russians in the North.
Hirohito Fact 12: Precisely against the rules of the League of Nations, Hirohito would himself, specifically order the use of chemical weapons against the Chinese on three hundred and seventy five individual occasions for which the League roundly condemned them.
Hirohito Fact 13: By 1940 Japan became part of the Axis Powers which included the Fascist Italians and Nazi Germans as partners of the Tripartite Pact.
Hirohito Fact 14: During 1941 Hirohito and his ministers were planning the details of the attack against the Americans at Pearl Harbor and on November the 5th the Emperor gave his consent to set plans in motion. The attack took place on December 7th 1941 and decimated the American military at the lagoon harbor of Oahu, Hawaii.
Hirohito Fact 15: Not only did they attack Pearl Harbor but also the Philippines and the invasion of Malaya began.
Hirohito Fact 16: The tide began to turn however in 1942 and the Battle of Midway.
Hirohito Fact 18: By June 1944 the Emperor told his ministers "I desire that concrete plans to end the war, unhampered by existing policy, be speedily studied and that efforts be made to implement them."
Hirohito Fact 19: Hirohito would be heard across Japan on the radio giving his first ever speech publicly broadcast and stated "Moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is, indeed, incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives. Should We continue to fight, not only would it result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization."
Hirohito Fact 20: Emperor Hirohito died on January 7th 1989 it is believed of cancer. His body laid to rest in a tomb at Musashi Imperial Graveyard, Hachioji, Tokyo.
Influence & Legacy of Hirohito: His legacy perhaps is not the greatest ever left, of a nation savaged by war and one that even today still shows signs of the atomic bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima in August of 1945.
Short Facts about Hirohito for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of Hirohito. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Hirohito with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.