Alexandre Dumas Fact File Biography: Lifespan: (1802 - 1870) *** Full Name: Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie *** Date of Birth: Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24th 1802 *** Place of Birth: Alexandre Dumas was born in Villers-Cotterets, Aisne, France *** Occupation: French Writer *** Date of Death: Alexandre Dumas died on December 5th 1870 *** Place of Death: Alexandre Dumas Puys, Seine-Maritime, France ***
Alexandre Dumas Fact 1: Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24th 1802 in Villers-Cotterets, Aisne, France and would become a writer.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 2: Family: He came from a family background where on his father side were nobles and his motherís side slaves. The names of his parents were Thomas-Alexandre Dumas and Marie-Louise Elisabeth Labouret who was the daughter of an innkeeper. Alexandre Davyís grandparents were the son of the marquis Alexandre Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie of a French noble family and a general commissaire in the colonies where he met Marie-Cessette Duma who was a slave of Afro-Caribbean lineage who became his mother. As a young boy, Thomas-Alexandre was taken to France where he was declared legally free of slavery. He was educated in a military school and joined the army thereafter. He would however, fall out with his father in later years and began using his motherís name, Dumas. Having joined the military his career was outstanding and he would also become the first Afro-Antillean mixed race soldier to reach the rank of general in the French army by the time he was thirty one years old. When Alexandre was a boy of four years his father died of cancer. Siblings: He grew up with a younger sister, Louise-Alexandrine.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 3: Education: He was educated very minimally. Once his father had died his mother had little money in which to see her son properly educated but even so he could read and read any book he could hold of as well as managing to teach himself Spanish.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 4: Career: He began his career as an writer for Louis-Philippe writing plays for the theatre and articles for magazines.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 5: Like his father before him he decided to use his grandmotherís surname as his own and became known as Alexandre Dumas.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 6: His earliest play was Henry III and His Courts which was produced when he was twenty seven years of age in 1829 and met with much acclaim.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 7: His second play, produced the following year was met with as much acclaim as the first and called Christine. This success allowed him to be financially secure and able to devote his full time attention to writing.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 8: During the Revolution of 1830 in which Charles X was ousted, Alexandre took part and would be replaced by the Duke of Orleans, Alexandre Dumasís former employer who would rule as Louis-Philippe, the Citizen King.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 9: As time went on and life settled after the Revolution, it was a very good time for Dumas and his skill in literacy as press censorship ended and the economy improved.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 10: Having written several plays that were successful for him, he began to turn his attention towards novel writing.Alexandre Dumas Fact 16: So popular did his novels become they would soon be translated into other languages including English.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 11: Initially, with newspapers publishing serial novels, Dumas took one of his earlier plays and adapted it from his first novel, Le Capitaine Paul, in serial form in 1838.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 12: Having set up a production studio which he staffed with other writers he produced hundreds of stories and all were written to his specific direction and he was able to edit and add as he saw fit.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 13: Between 1839 and 1840 with the help from several of his friends, Dumas created Celebrated Crimes which ran to an eight volume collection of stories on well-known crimes and criminals from history throughout Europe.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 14: Dumas would even find his book as well as himself banned from entering Russia until after Czar Nicholas Iís death, because of his account, with the assistance of Augustine Grisier, he wrote the novel The Fencing Master which was based on facts and events of the Decembrist revolt in Russia.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 15: Although he had several assistants, Auguste Maquet was the most well-known. It would be Maquet who would create the outline story for the Count of Monte Cristo and would also contribute substantially to The Three Muskateers as well as its sequels and various other of Dumasís novels.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 17: His novels made him a very wealthy man and he led a life of luxury although he was frequently broke.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 18: At a point in his life where he found it necessary to travel, from France to Belgium, because the newly elected Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte did not like him. From Belgium he went to Russia where their second language among the nobles was French and they adored his work and from Russia he travelled to Italy where he spent three years before returning to France in 1864.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 19: Having travelled so extensively he took advantage of his writing skills and wrote travel books on his experience.
Alexandre Dumas Fact 20: Alexandre Dumas died on December 5th 1870 in the home of his son in Puys, France aged sixty eight years. His body was laid to rest in the cemetery at Villiers-Cotterets until he was reinterred at the Pantheon in Paris in 2002.
Influence & Legacy: Alexandre Dumas wrote over two hundred books in his lifetime. He was also the author of numerous non-fiction travel books about Russia, Florence, CŠdiz, Sicily and Italy. The house he built, Chateau de Monte-Cristo.
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