**Alan Turing Fact File Biography:** Lifespan: 1912
- 1954 *** Full
Name: Alan Mathison Turing ***
Occupation: Computer scientist,
mathematician, logician,
cryptanalyst, mathematical biologist
*** Date of Birth: Alan Turing was born on
June 23rd 1912 *** Place of Birth:
Alan Turing was born in Paddington, London,
England *** Family background: His
father was Julius Turing and his
mother was Ethel Stoney. Both of his
parents had strong ties to India.
Alan Turing
was briefly engaged but never
married or had children *** Early
life and childhood: Alan Turing grew up in
Maida Vale, London before moving to
Hastings where he lived with his
brother in care of a retired army
couple while their parents were in
India *** Education: Alan Turing began his
education at St Michael’s Day School
and then Sherborne School. From a
young age teachers could see Alan
Turing was
gifted. Alan Turing would further his
education at Kings College,
Cambridge. ***
**Alan Turing Fact 1:** Alan
Turing was
born on June 23rd 1912 during the 20th century, a time
of great change in the world in
science, innovation, two world wars,
nationalism and decolonization.
**Alan Turing Fact 2:** When he
finished university with a first
class honors in mathematics he began
work on computability at King’s
College, Cambridge as a fellow
having proved the central limit
theorem in his dissertation.
**Alan Turing Fact 3:**
Unbeknownst to him Alonzo Church was
working along similar lines using
his own lambda calculus.
**Alan Turing Fact 4:** Alonzo
Church was an American mathematician
and logician.
**Alan Turing Fact 5:** Between
1936 and 1938 he would be studying
under Church at Princeton University
at would also study cryptology.
**Alan Turing Fact 6:** While
studying with Church Alan Turing built three
of the four stages of an
electromechanical binary multiplier.
**Alan Turing Fact 7:** In June
of that year Alan Turing was awarded his PhD
from Princeton.
**Alan Turing Fact 8:** In 1939
he made his return to Cambridge and
would attend lectures given by
Ludwig Wittgenstein on the topic of
foundations of mathematics.
**Alan Turing Fact 9:** At the
same time he had begun working for
the Government Code and Cypher
School.
**Alan Turing Fact 10:** When
World War II broke out he took a
leading role in deciphering the
German ciphers out of Bletchley
Park.
**Alan Turing Fact 11:** A
wartime and historical code breaker
at time said “You needed exceptional
talent, you needed genius at
Bletchley and Turing’s was that
genius.”
**Alan Turing Fact 12:** Alan
Turing began
to concentrate more and more on the
cryptanalysis of the Enigma together
with Dilly Knox, a senior GC&CS codebreaker.
**Alan Turing Fact 13:** After
the Warsaw meeting in 1939 he
developed several techniques to
enable German cyphers to be broken.
These included advances to the
pre-war Polish bombe method.
**Alan Turing Fact 14:** During
his time at Bletchley he would
acquire quite the reputation for
being an eccentric.
**Alan Turing Fact 15:** Alan
Turing was
awarded an OBE by King George VI in
1945 for his services in war time.
**Alan Turing Fact 16:** Alan
Turing made
the adjustments to the bomb, an eletro-mechanical machine that was
able to find the settings to read
the enigma machine.
**Alan Turing Fact 17:** He then
decided to try and solve the problem
of the German naval Enigma as no
other party was looking at this and
he would be able to work solo.
**Alan Turing Fact 18:** By
December 1939 he had successfully
solved the crucial element of the
naval indicator system, which had
proved far more complicated than
systems used by various other
services.
**Alan Turing Fact 19:** Post war
he began work for the National
Physical Laboratory where Alan
Turing
developed the Automatic Computing
Engine.
**Alan Turing Fact 20:** On June
7th of 1954, at the age of 41, he
was found dead in his home in Wilmslow,
Cheshire in England. He was cremated
at the Woking Crematorium and as his
father’s had been, so where his
ashes scattered there.
**Influence & Legacy:** Alan
Turing will
be recognized as one of the leading
figures in computer science. While
having developed major breakthroughs
in the area of cryptanalysis,
especially specifying the bombe, a
device used to assist in deciphering
German Enigma encrypted signals. He
also wrote several papers on the
subject of mathematical methods to
code breaking. These papers become
so vital to government use that they
were not released for public
consumption until 2012. After the
war, his contribution to computer
building came by way of his
development of the Automatic
Computing Engine which led to the
design of store-program computers
which has led to the availability
and wide use of the home computer in
modern households.
Alan Turing was most famous for developing
computer science, forming the
conceptualization of algorithms and
computations using the Turing
machine and also being the founder
of computer science and AI
(Artificial Intelligence).
**
**
Important Events of the 20th century
and during the life of Alan Turing
include: The First World War, the
formation of the Royal Air Force,
Alexander Fleming discovers
penicillin and the Wall Street Crash
in America causes the Great
Depression |